Leer jezelf ecologisch tuinieren/Composietenfamilie: verschil tussen versies

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{{Taxobox
{{Leer jezelf ecologisch tuinieren|Afbeelding=Flower Rex 4.jpg}}
| type=plant
| naam= Composietenfamilie
| afbeelding= Flower Rex 4.jpg
| afbeeldingtekst= [[Paardenbloem]]
| rijk= [[Planten|''Plantae'']] (Planten)
| stam= ''[[Embryophyta]]'' (Landplanten)
| klasse= ''[[Spermatopsida]]'' (Zaadplanten)
| clade1= [[Bedektzadigen]]
| clade2= [['nieuwe' Tweezaadlobbigen]]
| clade4= [[Campanuliden]]
| orde= ''[[Asterales]]''
| taxon=[[familie (biologie)|familie]]
| w-naam= ''Asteraceae''
| auteur= Bercht. & J.Presl
| datum= 1820
| rang=Onderfamilies
| onderverdeling=
*''[[Barnadesioideae]]''
*''[[Cichorioideae]]''
*''[[Asteroideae]]''
}}
 
De '''composietenfamilieComposietenfamilie''' (''Compositae'' of ''Asteraceae'': beide [[botanische namen]] zijn toegestaan), ook '''samengesteldbloemigenSamengesteldbloemigen''' genoemd, is samen met de [[orchideeënfamilie../Orchideeënfamilie|Orchideeënfamilie]] de omvangrijkste plantenfamilie. Zij telt over de hele wereld gezien naar schatting wel 20.000 tot 25.000 soorten. In de [[Tropen (geografie)|tropen]] telt de familie ook [[boom (plant)|bomen]] en [[Liaan|lianen]].
 
Het belangrijkste kenmerk van deze familie vormen de sterk gereduceerde [[../Plantkunde/Bloem (plant)|bloempjes]]. Deze staan bijeen in zogenaamde bloemhoofdjes, die vaak voor bloemen worden aangezien. De groene [[../Plantkunde/Blad|blaadjes]] die tegen deze bloemhoofdjes aanliggen zijn dan ook geen kelkbladen maar omwindselblaadjes.
 
Er worden drie typen bloempjes onderscheiden
*De [[lintbloem]]
*De [[buisbloem]]
*De [[straalbloem]]
 
=== Bloemtypen ===
==== De lintbloem ====
De lintbloem is een gereduceerde bloem waar bij de bloemkroon is vergroeid tot een enkel bloemblad, waarvan de oorspronkelijke vijf bladen nog te herkennen zijn aan de tandjes aan het uiteinde ervan.
 
[[Bestand:Lintbloem.png|thumb|right|270px|schets van een lintbloem<br /> A = vruchtbeginsel, B = pappus, C = helmhokjes,<br />
D = gereduceerde bloemkroon, E = stijl met stamper]]
[[Bestand:Buisbloem.png|thumb|right|270px|schets van een buisbloem<br /> A = vruchtbeginsel, B = tot buis vergroeide kroon<br />
met aan de top vier a vijf slipjes, C = helmhokjes,<br />
D = stijl met stamper]]
Dit bloemblad vormt als het ware het lint waarnaar dit bloemtype is genoemd. De bloem is tweeslachtig. De helmhokjes zijn vergroeid tot een soort koker rond de stijl. Op de plek waar de bloemkroon is ingeplant bevindt zich vaak een rij haren of schubben. Deze wordt de pappus genoemd en is in feite de gereduceerde kelk. Wanneer het zaad rijp is, groeit deze pappus vaak uit tot het vruchtpluis.
 
Het vruchtbeginsel is ingeplant op de bloemhoofdjesbodem. Tussen de verschillende bloempjes kunnen zich ook nog vliesjes bevinden. Deze worden stroschubben genoemd. Voorbeelden van een composiet met enkel lintbloemen zijn de [[paardenbloem../Molsla|Paardenbloem]] en de geslachten die voor een oppervlakkige toeschouwer er veel op lijken zoals [[Leontodon../Leeuwentand|Leeuwentand]] en [[Hypochaeris../Biggenkruid|BiggekruidBiggenkruid]]. De stroschubben zijn een kenmerk voor het laatst genoemde geslacht.
 
==== De buisbloem ====
Een groot aantal composieten heeft een bloemhoofdje met een geel hart en witte krans, zoals de [[../Gewone margriet|Gewone margriet]] en het [[madeliefje../Madeliefje|Madeliefje]]. Het gele hart van een dergelijk bloemhoofdje bestaat uit buisbloemen, waarvan de kroon vergroeid is tot een buis. De buisbloemen zijn veelzijdig [[Symmetrie|symmetrisch]]. Er bestaan echter ook composieten waarvan het bloemhoofdje alleen bestaat uit buisbloemen, van de in Nederland inheemse flora is dat ongeveer een derde.
 
==== De straalbloem ====
Bij composieten met bloemhoofdje met een geel hart en een witte krans, bestaat die witte krans uit zogenaamde straalbloemen. Deze straalbloemen lijken veel op lintbloemen, maar er is wel een aantal verschillen. De bovenste rand van de gereduceerde bloemkroon bestaat uit drie in plaats van vijf tanden en de bloem is vaak alleen vrouwelijk of soms zelfs geslachtsloos. De straalbloemen kunnen ook andere kleuren hebben dan wit. Bij [[klein../Klein hoefblad|Klein hoefblad]] zijn ze geel en bij [[../Centaurea|Centaurea]] kunnen ze rood zijn.
 
=== Vrucht ===
De [[../Plantkunde/Vrucht (plant)|vrucht]] is een [[nootje]]. Dikwijls zit aan het nootje [[vruchtpluis]] (pappus) ([[Paardenbloem]]), waardoor het door de wind makkelijk verspreid kan worden. Bij deze vruchten is de kelk vervangen door een haarkrans. Er zijn soorten waarbij het steeltje van de haarkrans zich verlengt tijdens het rijp worden van de vrucht. Maar ook komen soorten voor waarbij het vruchtpluis direct op de vrucht is ingeplant ([[../Klein streepzaad|Klein streepzaad]]). In de volksmond worden de vruchtjes vaak gewoon zaad genoemd.
 
| naam=== Taxa binnen de Composietenfamilie ===
== Externe links ==
* {{Link eFloras|1|10074|Asteraceae}}
* {{Link eFloras|5|10074|Asteraceae}}
* {{Link eFloras|11|10074|Asteraceae}}
* {{Link APWeb|Asterales|Asteraceae}}
* {{Link MBG images Madagascar|astera|Asteraceae}}
* {{Link FloraBase|Asteraceae|345|f|345}}
* {{Link NCBI|4210|Asteraceae}}
 
==Taxa binnen de composietenfamilie==
In Nederland komen de volgende geslachten voor:
 
* ''Achillea'' (geslacht [[../Duizendblad (Geslacht)|Duizendblad]])
* ''Ambrosia'' (geslacht [[../Ambrosia|Ambrosia]])
* ''Anaphalis''
* ''Antennaria''
''[[Acamptopappus]]'', ''[[Anaphalis]]'', ''[[Antennaria]]'', ''Arctotis'' (geslacht [[Berenoor]]), ''[[Bahia (plant)|Bahia]]''.
 
De volgende in Nederland voorkomende soorten worden behandeld op de Wikipedia:
 
* [[Aarddistel]] (''Cirsium acaule'')
* [[Zulte (plant)|Zulte]] (''Aster tripolium'')
* [[Zwart knoopkruid]] (''Centaurea nigra'')
 
Ook deze, niet in Nederland inheemse, planten hebben eigen pagina:
 
* [[Artisjok]] (''Cynara scolymus'')
* [[Zonnewortel]] (''Helianthus strumosus'')
 
Een langerelange lijst van niet in Nederland en België voorkomende geslachten (er is uiteraard geen overeenstemming over de interne taxonomie van deze complexe familie of over het aantal genera) kan je vinden op [[w:Composietenfamilie|Composietenfamilie]].
<div style="font-size: 85%;">'[['Aaronsohnia]], [[Abrotanella]], [[Acamptopappus]], [[Acanthocephalus]], [[Acanthocladium]], [[Acanthodesmos]], [[Acantholepis]], [[Acanthospermum]], [[Acanthostyles]], [[Achaetogeron]], [[Achillea]], [[Achnophora]], [[Achnopogon]], [[Achyrachaena]], [[Achyrocline]], [[Achyropappus]], [[Achyrothalamus]], [[Acmella]], [[Acomis]], [[Acourtia]], [[Acrisione]], [[Acritopappus]], [[Acroclinium]], [[Acroptilon]], [[Actinobole]], [[Actinoseris]], [[Actinospermum]], [[Adelostigma]], [[Adenanthellum]], [[Adenocaulon]], [[Adenocritonia]], [[Adenoglossa]], [[Adenoon]], [[Adenopappus]], [[Adenophyllum]], [[Adenostemma]], [[Adenothamnus]], [[Aedesia]], [[Aegopordon]], [[Aequatorium]], [[Aetheorhiza]], [[Ageratella]], [[Ageratina]], [[Ageratinastrum]], [[Ageratum]], [[Agiabampoa]], [[Agoseris]], [[Agrianthus]], [[Ainsliaea]], [[Ajania]], [[Ajaniopsis]], [[Alatoseta]], [[Albertinia]], [[Alcantara (plant)|Alcantara]], [[Alciope]], [[Aldama]], [[Alepidocline]], [[Alfredia]], [[Aliella]], [[Allagopappus]], [[Allardia]], [[Alloispermum]], [[Allopterigeron]], [[Alomia]], [[Alomiella]], [[Alvordia]], [[Amauria]], [[Amberboa]], [[Amblyocarpum]], [[Amblyolepis]], [[Amblyopappus]], [[Amboroa]], [[Ambrosia]], [[Ameghinoa]], [[Amellus]], [[Ammobium]], [[Amolinia]], [[Amphiachyris]], [[Amphiglossa]], [[Amphipappus]], [[Amphoricarpos]], [[Anacantha]], [[Anacyclus]], [[Anaphalioides]], [[Anaphalis]], [[Anastraphia]], [[Anaxeton]], [[Ancathia]], [[Ancistrophora]], [[Andryala]], [[Angelphytum]], [[Angianthus]], [[Anisochaeta]], [[Anisocoma]], [[Anisopappus]], [[Anisothrix]], [[Anomostephium]], [[Antennaria]], [[Anthemis]], [[Antheropeas]], [[Antillia]], [[Antiphiona]], [[Antithrixia]], [[Anura]], [[Anvillea]], [[Apalochlamys]], [[Apargidium]], [[Aphanactis]], [[Aphanostephus]], [[Aphyllocladus]], [[Apodocephala]], [[Aposeris]], [[Apostates]], [[Arbelaezaster]], [[Archibaccharis]], [[Arctanthemum]], [[Arctium]], [[Arctogeron]], [[Arctotheca]], [[Arctotis]], [[Argyranthemum]], [[Argyroglottis]], [[Argyrophanes]], [[Argyroxiphium]], [[Aristeguietia]], [[Arnaldoa]], [[Arnica]], [[Arnicastrum]], [[Arnoglossum]], [[Arnoseris]], [[Arrhenechthites]], [[Arrojadocharis]], [[Arrowsmithia]], [[Alsem|Artemisia]], [[Artemisiopsis]], [[Asanthus]], [[Ascidiogyne]], [[Aspilia]], [[Asplundianthus]], [[Aster]], [[Asteridea]], [[Asteriscus]], [[Asteromoea]], [[Astranthium]], [[Athanasia]], [[Athrixia]], [[Athroisma]], [[Atractylis]], [[Atractylodes]], [[Atrichantha]], [[Atrichoseris]], [[Austrobrickellia]], [[Austrocritonia]], [[Austroeupatorium]], [[Austroliabum]], [[Austrosynotis]], [[Avellara]], [[Axiniphyllum]], [[Ayapana]], [[Ayapanopsis]], [[Aylacophora]], [[Baccharis]], [[Badilloa]], [[Baeriopsis]], [[Bafutia]], [[Bahia (geslacht)|Bahia]], [[Bahianthus]], [[Baileya]], [[Balduina]], [[Balsamorhiza]], [[Baltimora]], [[Barkleyanthus]], [[Barnadesia]], [[Barroetea]], [[Barrosoa]], [[Bartlettia]], [[Bartlettina]], [[Basedowia]], [[Bebbia]], [[Bedfordia]], [[Bejaranoa]], [[Bellida]], [[Bellis]], [[Bellium]], [[Belloa]], [[Benitoa]], [[Berardia]], [[Berkheya]], [[Berlandiera]], [[Berroa]], [[Bidens]], [[Bigelowia]], [[Bishopalea]], [[Bishopanthus]], [[Bishopiella]], [[Bishovia]], [[Blainvillea]], [[Blakeanthus]], [[Blakiella]], [[Blanchetia]], [[Blennosperma]], [[Blennospora]], [[Blepharipappus]], [[Blepharispermum]], [[Blepharizonia]], [[Blumea]], [[Blumeopsis]], [[Boeberastrum]], [[Boeberoides]], [[Bolanosa]], [[Bolophyta]], [[Boltonia]], [[Bombycilaena]], [[Borrichia]], [[Bothriocline]], [[Brachanthemum]], [[Brachionostylum]], [[Brachyclados]], [[Brachyglottis]], [[Brachylaena]], [[Brachyscome]], [[Brachythrix]], [[Bracteantha]], [[Bradburia]], [[Brickellia]], [[Brickelliastrum]], [[Bryomorphe]], [[Buphthalmum]], [[Burkartia]], [[Cabreriella]], [[Cacalia]], [[Cacaliopsis]], [[Cacosmia]], [[Cadiscus]], [[Caesulia]], [[Calea]], [[Calendula]], [[Callicephalus]], [[Callilepis]], [[Callistephus]], [[Calocephalus]], [[Calomeria]], [[Calopappus]], [[Calostephane]], [[Calotesta]], [[Calotis]], [[Calycadenia]], [[Calycocorsus]], [[Calycoseris]], [[Calyptocarpus]], [[Camchaya]], [[Campovassouria]], [[Camptacra]], [[Campuloclinium]], [[Cancrinia]], [[Cancriniella]], [[Cardopatium]], [[Carduncellus]], [[Carduus]], [[Carlina]], [[Carminatia]], [[Carpesium]], [[Carphephorus]], [[Carphochaete]], [[Carramboa]], [[Carterothamnus]], [[Carthamus]], [[Cassinia]], [[Castalis]], [[Castenedia]], [[Catamixis]], [[Catananche]], [[Catatia]], [[Cavalcantia]], [[Cavea]], [[Celmisia]], [[Centaurea]], [[Centaurodendron]], [[Centauropsis]], [[Centaurothamnus]], [[Centipeda]], [[Centratherum]], [[Cephalipterum]], [[Cephalopappus]], [[Cephalorrhynchus]], [[Cephalosorus]], [[Ceratogyne]], [[Ceruana]], [[Chacoa]], [[Chaenactis]], [[Chaetadelpha]], [[Chaetanthera]], [[Chaetopappa]], [[Chaetospira]], [[Chaetymenia]], [[Chamaechaenactis]], [[Chamaegeron]], [[Chamaeleon]], [[Chamaemelum]], [[Chamaepus]], [[Chaptalia]], [[Chardinia]], [[Cheirolophus]], [[Chersodoma]], [[Chevreulia]], [[Chiliadenus]], [[Chiliocephalum]], [[Chiliophyllum]], [[Chiliotrichiopsis]], [[Chiliotrichum]], [[Chimantaea]], [[Chionolaena]], [[Chionopappus]], [[Chlamydophora]], [[Chloracantha]], [[Chondrilla]], [[Chondropyxis]], [[Chorisis]], [[Chresta]], [[Chromolaena]], [[Chromolepis]], [[Chronopappus]], [[Chrysactinia]], [[Chrysactinium]], [[Chrysanthellum]], [[Chrysanthemoides]], [[Chrysanthemum]], [[Chrysocephalum]], [[Chrysocoma]], [[Chrysogonum]], [[Chrysophthalmum]], [[Chrysopsis]], [[Chrysothamnus]], [[Chthonocephalus]], [[Chucoa]], [[Chuquiraga]], [[Cicerbita]], [[Ciceronia]], [[Cichorium]], [[Cineraria]], [[Cirsium]], [[Cissampelopsis]], [[Cladanthus]], [[Cladochaeta]], [[Clappia]], [[Clibadium]], [[Cnicothamnus]], [[Cnicus]], [[Coespeletia]], [[Coleocoma]], [[Coleostephus]], [[Colobanthera]], [[Comaclinium]], [[Commidendrum]], [[Complaya]], [[Condylidium]], [[Condylopodium]], [[Conocliniopsis]], [[Conoclinium]], [[Conyza]], [[Coreocarpus]], [[Coreopsis]], [[Corethamnium]], [[Corethrogyne]], [[Correllia]], [[Corymbium]], [[Cosmos]], [[Cotula]], [[Coulterella]], [[Cousinia]], [[Cousiniopsis]], [[Craspedia]], [[Crassocephalum]], [[Cratystylis]], [[Cremanthodium]], [[Crepidiastrum]], [[Crepis]], [[Critonia]], [[Critoniadelphus]], [[Critoniella]], [[Critoniopsis]], [[Crocidium]], [[Cronquistia]], [[Cronquistianthus]], [[Croptilon]], [[Crossostephium]], [[Crossothamnus]], [[Crupina]], [[Cuatrecasasiella]], [[Cuchumatanea]], [[Cullumia]], [[Cuspidia]], [[Cyathocline]], [[Cyathomone]], [[Cyclachaena]], [[Cyclolepis]], [[Cylindrocline]], [[Cymbolaena]], [[Cymbonotus]], [[Cymbopappus]], [[Cymophora]], [[Cynara]], [[Dacryotrichia]], [[Dahlia]], [[Damnxanthodium]], [[Darwiniothamnus]], [[Dasycondylus]], [[Dasyphyllum]], [[Daveaua]], [[Decachaeta]], [[Decastylocarpus]], [[Decazesia]], [[Delairea]], [[Delamerea]], [[Delilia]], [[Dendranthema]], [[Dendrocacalia]], [[Dendrosenecio]], [[Dendroseris]], [[Denekia]], [[Desmanthodium]], [[Dewildemania]], [[Diacranthera]], [[Dianthoseris]], [[Diaperia]], [[Diaphractanthus]], [[Dicercoclados]], [[Dichaetophora]], [[Dichrocephala]], [[Dichromochlamys]], [[Dicoma]], [[Dicoria]], [[Dicranocarpus]], [[Didelta]], [[Dielitzia]], [[Digitacalia]], [[Dimeresia]], [[Dimerostemma]], [[Dimorphocoma]], [[Dimorphotheca]], [[Dinoseris]], [[Diodontium]], [[Diplazoptilon]], [[Diplostephium]], [[Dipterocome]], [[Dipterocypsela]], [[Disparago]], [[Dissothrix]], [[Distephanus]], [[Disynaphia]], [[Dithyrostegia]], [[Dittrichia]], [[Dolichlasium]], [[Dolichoglottis]], [[Dolichorrhiza]], [[Dolichothrix]], [[Dolomiaea]], [[Doniophyton]], [[Doronicum]], [[Dresslerothamnus]], [[Dubautia]], [[Dubyaea]], [[Dugaldia]], [[Dugesia]], [[Duhaldea]], [[Duidaea]], [[Duseniella]], [[Dymondia]], [[Dyscritogyne]], [[Dyscritothamnus]], [[Dysodiopsis]], [[Dyssodia]], [[Eastwoodia]], [[Eatonella]], [[Echinacea]], [[Echinops]], [[Eclipta]], [[Edmondia]], [[Egletes]], [[Eitenia]], [[Ekmania]], [[Elachanthus]], [[Elaphandra]], [[Elephantopus]], [[Eleutheranthera]], [[Ellenbergia]], [[Elytropappus]], [[Emilia]], [[Emiliella]], [[Encelia]], [[Enceliopsis]], [[Endocellion]], [[Endopappus]], [[Engelmannia]], [[Engleria]], [[Enydra]], [[Epaltes]], [[Epilasia]], [[Episcothamnus]], [[Epitriche]], [[Erato (plant)|Erato]], [[Erechtites]], [[Eremanthus]], [[Eremosis]], [[Eremothamnus]], [[Eriachaenium]], [[Ericameria]], [[Ericentrodea]], [[Erigeron]], [[Eriocephalus]], [[Eriochlamys]], [[Eriophyllum]], [[Eriotrix]], [[Erlangea]], [[Erodiophyllum]], [[Erymophyllum]], [[Eryngiophyllum]], [[Erythradenia]], [[Erythrocephalum]], [[Espejoa]], [[Espeletia]], [[Espeletiopsis]], [[Ethulia]], [[Euchiton]], [[Eumorphia]], [[Eupatoriastrum]], [[Eupatorina]], [[Eupatoriopsis]], [[Eupatorium]], [[Euphrosyne]], [[Eurydochus]], [[Euryops]], [[Eutetras]], [[Euthamia]], [[Evacidium]], [[Ewartia]], [[Ewartiothamnus]], [[Exomiocarpon]], [[Faberia]], [[Facelis]], [[Farfugium]], [[Faujasia]], [[Faxonia]], [[Feddea]], [[Feldstonia]], [[Felicia (plant)|Felicia]], [[Fenixia]], [[Ferreyranthus]], [[Ferreyrella]], [[Filago]], [[Filifolium]], [[Fitchia]], [[Fitzwillia]], [[Flaveria]], [[Fleischmannia]], [[Fleischmanniopsis]], [[Florestina]], [[Floscaldasia]], [[Flosmutisia]], [[Flourensia]], [[Flyriella]], [[Formania]], [[Foveolina]], [[Freya]], [[Fulcaldea]], [[Gaillardia]], [[Galactites]], [[Galeana]], [[Galeomma]], [[Galinsoga]], [[Gamochaeta]], [[Gamochaetopsis]], [[Garberia]], [[Garcibarrigoa]], [[Garcilassa]], [[Gardnerina]], [[Garuleum]], [[Gazania]], [[Gazaniopsis]], [[Geigeria]], [[Geissolepis]], [[Geissopappus]], [[Geraea]], [[Gerbera]], [[Geropogon]], [[Gibbaria]], [[Gilberta]], [[Gilruthia]], [[Gladiopappus]], [[Glossarion]], [[Glossocardia]], [[Glossopappus]], [[Glyptopleura]], [[Gnaphaliothamnus]], [[Gnaphalium]], [[Gnephosis]], [[Gochnatia]], [[Goldmanella]], [[Gongrostylus]], [[Gongylolepis]], [[Goniocaulon]], [[Gonospermum]], [[Gorceixia]], [[Gorteria]], [[Gossweilera]], [[Goyazianthus]], [[Grangea]], [[Grangeopsis]], [[Graphistylis]], [[Gratwickia]], [[Grauanthus]], [[Grazielia]], [[Greenmaniella]], [[Grindelia]], [[Grisebachianthus]], [[Grosvenoria]], [[Guardiola]], [[Guayania]], [[Guevaria]], [[Guizotia]], [[Gundelia]], [[Gundlachia]], [[Gutenbergia]], [[Gutierrezia]], [[Gymnarrhena]], [[Gymnocondylus]], [[Gymnocoronis]], [[Gymnodiscus]], [[Gymnolaena]], [[Gymnopentzia]], [[Gymnosperma]], [[Gymnostephium]], [[Gynoxys]], [[Gynura]], [[Gypothamnium]], [[Gyptidium]], [[Gyptis]], [[Gyrodoma]], [[Haastia]], [[Haeckeria]], [[Haegiela]], [[Handelia]], [[Haplocalymma]], [[Haplocarpha]], [[Haploesthes]], [[Haplopappus]], [[Haplostephium]], [[Harleya]], [[Harnackia]], [[Hartwrightia]], [[Hasteola]], [[Hatschbachiella]], [[Hazardia]], [[Hebeclinium]], [[Hecastocleis]], [[Hedypnois]], [[Helenium]], [[Helianthella]], [[Helianthopsis]], [[Helianthus]], [[Helichrysopsis]], [[Helichrysum]], [[Heliocauta]], [[Heliomeris]], [[Heliopsis]], [[Helogyne]], [[Hemisteptia]], [[Hemizonia]], [[Henricksonia]], [[Heptanthus]], [[Herderia]], [[Herodotia]], [[Hesperomannia]], [[Heteracia]], [[Heteranthemis]], [[Heterocoma]], [[Heterocondylus]], [[Heterocypsela]], [[Heteroderis]], [[Heterolepis]], [[Heteromera]], [[Heteromma]], [[Heteropappus]], [[Heteroplexis]], [[Heterorhachis]], [[Heterosperma]], [[Heterothalamus]], [[Heterotheca]], [[Hidalgoa]], [[Hieracium]], [[Hilliardia]], [[Hinterhubera]], [[Hippia]], [[Hippolytia]], [[Hirpicium]], [[Hispidella]], [[Hoehnephytum]], [[Hoffmanniella]], [[Hofmeisteria]], [[Holocarpha]], [[Holocheilus]], [[Hololeion]], [[Holozonia]], [[Homogyne]], [[Hoplophyllum]], [[Huarpea]], [[Hubertia]], [[Hughesia]], [[Hulsea]], [[Humeocline]], [[Hyalis]], [[Hyalochaete]], [[Hyalochlamys]], [[Hyaloseris]], [[Hyalosperma]], [[Hybridella]], [[Hydrodyssodia]], [[Hydroidea]], [[Hydropectis]], [[Hymenocephalus]], [[Hymenoclea]], [[Hymenolepis]], [[Hymenonema]], [[Hymenopappus]], [[Hymenostemma]], [[Hymenostephium]], [[Hymenothrix]], [[Hymenoxys]], [[Hyoseris]], [[Hypacanthium]], [[Hypelichrysum]], [[Hypericophyllum]], [[Hypochaeris]], [[Hysterionica]], [[Hystrichophora]], [[Ichthyothere]], [[Idiothamnus]], [[Ifloga]], [[Ighermia]], [[Iltisia]], [[Imeria]], [[Inezia]], [[Inula]], [[Inulanthera]], [[Iocenes]], [[Iodocephalus]], [[Iogeton]], [[Iostephane]], [[Iphiona]], [[Iphionopsis]], [[Iranecio]], [[Irwinia]], [[Ischnea]], [[Isocarpha]], [[Isocoma]], [[Isoetopsis]], [[Isopappus]], [[Isostigma]], [[Iva]], [[Ixeridium]], [[Ixeris]], [[Ixiochlamys]], [[Ixiolaena]], [[Ixodia]], [[Jacmaia]], [[Jaegeria]], [[Jalcophila]], [[Jaliscoa]], [[Jamesianthus]], [[Jaramilloa]], [[Jasonia]], [[Jaumea]], [[Jefea]], [[Jeffreya]], [[Jungia]], [[Jurinea]], [[Kalimeris]], [[Karelinia]], [[Karvandarina]], [[Kaschgaria]], [[Kaunia]], [[Keysseria]], [[Kinghamia]], [[Kingianthus]], [[Kippistia]], [[Kirkianella]], [[Kleinia]], [[Koanophyllon]], [[Koehneola]], [[Koelpinia]], [[Krigia]], [[Kyrsteniopsis]], [[Lachanodes]], [[Lachnophyllum]], [[Lachnorhiza]], [[Lachnospermum]], [[Lactuca]], [[Lactucosonchus]], [[Laennecia]], [[Laestadia]], [[Lagascea]], [[Lagenophora]], [[Laggera]], [[Lagophylla]], [[Lamprachaenium]], [[Lamprocephalus]], [[Lamyropappus]], [[Lamyropsis]], [[Langebergia]], [[Lantanopsis]], [[Lapsana]], [[Lasianthaea]], [[Lasiocephalus]], [[Lasiolaena]], [[Lasiopogon]], [[Lasiospermum]], [[Lasthenia]], [[Launaea]], [[Lawrencella]], [[Layia]], [[Lecocarpus]], [[Leibnitzia]], [[Leiboldia]], [[Lembertia]], [[Lemooria]], [[Leontodon]], [[Leontopodium]], [[Lepidesmia]], [[Lepidolopha]], [[Lepidolopsis]], [[Lepidonia]], [[Lepidophorum]], [[Lepidophyllum]], [[Lepidospartum]], [[Lepidostephium]], [[Leptinella]], [[Leptocarpha]], [[Leptoclinium]], [[Leptorhynchos]], [[Leptotriche]], [[Lescaillea]], [[Lessingia]], [[Leucactinia]], [[Leucanthemella]], [[Leucanthemopsis]], [[Leucanthemum]], [[Leucheria]], [[Leucoblepharis]], [[Leucocyclus]], [[Leucogenes]], [[Leucopsis]], [[Leucoptera]], [[Leunisia]], [[Leuzea]], [[Leysera]], [[Liabum]], [[Liatris]], [[Libanothamnus]], [[Lidbeckia]], [[Lifago]], [[Ligularia]], [[Limbarda]], [[Lindheimera]], [[Lipochaeta]], [[Lipskyella]], [[Litothamnus]], [[Litrisa]], [[Llerasia]], [[Logfia]], [[Lomatozona]], [[Lonas]], [[Lopholaena]], [[Lophopappus]], [[Lordhowea]], [[Lorentzianthus]], [[Loricaria]], [[Lourteigia]], [[Loxothysanus]], [[Lucilia]], [[Luciliocline]], [[Lugoa]], [[Luina]], [[Lulia]], [[Lundellianthus]], [[Lycapsus]], [[Lychnophora]], [[Lycoseris]], [[Lygodesmia]], [[Macdougalia]], [[Machaeranthera]], [[Macowania]], [[Macrachaenium]], [[Macraea]], [[Macroclinidium]], [[Macropodina]], [[Macvaughiella]], [[Madia]], [[Mairia]], [[Malacothrix]], [[Malmeanthus]], [[Malperia]], [[Mantisalca]], [[Marasmodes]], [[Marshallia]], [[Marshalljohnstonia]], [[Marticorenia]], [[Matricaria]], [[Mattfeldanthus]], [[Mattfeldia]], [[Matudina]], [[Mausolea]], [[Mecomischus]], [[Megalodonta]], [[Melampodium]], [[Melanodendron]], [[Melanthera]], [[Metalasia]], [[Metastevia]], [[Mexerion]], [[Mexianthus]], [[Micractis]], [[Microcephala]], [[Microglossa]], [[Microgynella]], [[Microliabum]], [[Micropsis]], [[Micropus]], [[Microseris]], [[Microspermum]], [[Mikania]], [[Mikaniopsis]], [[Milleria]], [[Millotia]], [[Minuria]], [[Miricacalia]], [[Mniodes]], [[Monactis]], [[Monarrhenus]], [[Monenteles]], [[Monogereion]], [[Monolopia]], [[Monopholis]], [[Monoptilon]], [[Montanoa]], [[Moonia]], [[Moquinia]], [[Morithamnus]], [[Moscharia]], [[Msuata]], [[Mulgedium]], [[Munnozia]], [[Munzothamnus]], [[Muschleria]], [[Mutisia]], [[Mycelis]], [[Myopordon]], [[Myriactis]], [[Myriocephalus]], [[Myripnois]], [[Myxopappus]], [[Nabalus]], [[Nananthea]], [[Nannoglottis]], [[Nanothamnus]], [[Nardophyllum]], [[Narvalina]], [[Nassauvia]], [[Nauplius]], [[Neblinaea]], [[Nelsonianthus]], [[Nemosenecio]], [[Neocabreria]], [[Neocuatrecasia]], [[Neohintonia]], [[Neojeffreya]], [[Neomirandea]], [[Neopallasia]], [[Neotysonia]], [[Neurolaena]], [[Neurolakis]], [[Nicolasia]], [[Nicolletia]], [[Nidorella]], [[Nikitinia]], [[Nipponanthemum]], [[Nolletia]], [[Nothobaccharis]], [[Nothocalais]], [[Noticastrum]], [[Notobasis]], [[Notoptera]], [[Notoseris]], [[Nouelia]], [[Novenia]], [[Oaxacania]], [[Oblivia]], [[Ochrocephala]], [[Odixia]], [[Odontocline]], [[Oedera]], [[Oiospermum]], [[Oldenburgia]], [[Olearia]], [[Olgaea]], [[Oligactis]], [[Oliganthes]], [[Oligochaeta]], [[Oligothrix]], [[Olivaea]], [[Omalotheca]], [[Omphalopappus]], [[Oncosiphon]], [[Ondetia]], [[Onopordum]], [[Onoseris]], [[Oonopsis]], [[Oparanthus]], [[Ophryosporus]], [[Opisthopappus]], [[Oreochrysum]], [[Oreoleysera]], [[Oritrophium]], [[Orochaenactis]], [[Osbertia]], [[Osmiopsis]], [[Osmitopsis]], [[Osteospermum]], [[Otanthus]], [[Oteiza]], [[Othonna]], [[Otopappus]], [[Otospermum]], [[Outreya]], [[Oxycarpha]], [[Oxylaena]], [[Oxylobus]], [[Oxypappus]], [[Oxyphyllum]], [[Oyedaea]], [[Ozothamnus]], [[Pachylaena]], [[Pachythamnus]], [[Packera]], [[Pacourina]], [[Palaeocyanus]], [[Palafoxia]], [[Paleaepappus]], [[Pamphalea]], [[Pappobolus]], [[Papuacalia]], [[Paracalia]], [[Paragynoxys]], [[Paraixeris]], [[Paranephelius]], [[Parantennaria]], [[Parapiqueria]], [[Paraprenanthes]], [[Parasenecio]], [[Parastrephia]], [[Parthenice]], [[Parthenium]], [[Pasaccardoa]], [[Pechuel-Loeschea]], [[Pectis]], [[Pegolettia]], [[Pelucha]], [[Pentacalia]], [[Pentachaeta]], [[Pentanema]], [[Pentatrichia]], [[Pentzia]], [[Perdicium]], [[Perezia]], [[Pericallis]], [[Pericome]], [[Perityle]], [[Perralderia]], [[Pertya]], [[Perymeniopsis]], [[Perymenium]], [[Petalacte]], [[Petasites]], [[Peteravenia]], [[Petradoria]], [[Petrobium]], [[Peucephyllum]], [[Peyrousea]], [[Phacellothrix]], [[Phaenocoma]], [[Phaeostigma]], [[Phagnalon]], [[Phalacrachena]], [[Phalacraea]], [[Phalacrocarpum]], [[Phalacroseris]], [[Phaneroglossa]], [[Phanerostylis]], [[Phania]], [[Philactis]], [[Philoglossa]], [[Philyrophyllum]], [[Phoebanthus]], [[Phyllocephalum]], [[Phymaspermum]], [[Picnomon]], [[Picris]], [[Picrosia]], [[Picrothamnus]], [[Pilosella]], [[Pilostemon]], [[Pinaropappus]], [[Pinillosia]], [[Piora]], [[Pippenalia]], [[Piptocarpha]], [[Piptocoma]], [[Piptolepis]], [[Piptothrix]], [[Piqueria]], [[Piqueriella]], [[Piqueriopsis]], [[Pithecoseris]], [[Pithocarpa]], [[Pittocaulon]], [[Pityopsis]], [[Pladaroxylon]], [[Plagiobasis]], [[Plagiocheilus]], [[Plagiolophus]], [[Plagius]], [[Planaltoa]], [[Planea]], [[Plateilema]], [[Platycarpha]], [[Platypodanthera]], [[Platyschkuhria]], [[Plazia]], [[Plecostachys]], [[Plectocephalus]], [[Pleiotaxis]], [[Pleurocarpaea]], [[Pleurocoronis]], [[Pleuropappus]], [[Pleurophyllum]], [[Pluchea]], [[Plummera]], [[Podachaenium]], [[Podanthus]], [[Podocoma]], [[Podolepis]], [[Podotheca]], [[Poecilolepis]], [[Pogonolepis]], [[Pojarkovia]], [[Pollalesta]], [[Polyachyrus]], [[Polyanthina]], [[Polyarrhena]], [[Polycalymma]], [[Polychrysum]], [[Polymnia]], [[Porophyllum]], [[Porphyrostemma]], [[Praxeliopsis]], [[Praxelis]], [[Prenanthella]], [[[[Prenanthes]]]], [[Printzia]], [[Prionopsis]], [[Prolobus]], [[Prolongoa]], [[Proteopsis]], [[Proustia]], [[Psacaliopsis]], [[Psacalium]], [[Psathyrotes]], [[Psednotrichia]], [[Pseudobaccharis]], [[Pseudobahia]], [[Pseudoblepharispermum]], [[Pseudobrickellia]], [[Pseudocadiscus]], [[Pseudoclappia]], [[Pseudognaphalium]], [[Pseudogynoxys]], [[Pseudohandelia]], [[Pseudokyrsteniopsis]], [[Pseudonoseris]], [[Pseudostifftia]], [[Psiadia]], [[Psiadiella]], [[Psilactis]], [[Psilocarphus]], [[Psilostrophe]], [[Psychrogeton]], [[Psychrophyton]], [[Pterachenia]], [[Pterocaulon]], [[Pterocypsela]], [[Pteronia]], [[Pterothrix]], [[Pterygopappus]], [[Ptilostemon]], [[Pulicaria]], [[Pycnocephalum]], [[Pyrrhopappus]], [[Pyrrocoma]], [[Quelchia]], [[Quinetia]], [[Quinqueremulus]], [[Radlkoferotoma]], [[Rafinesquia]], [[Raillardella]], [[Raillardiopsis]], [[Rainiera]], [[Raoulia]], [[Raouliopsis]], [[Rastrophyllum]], [[Ratibida]], [[Raulinoreitzia]], [[Reichardia]], [[Relhania]], [[Remya]], [[Rennera]], [[Rensonia]], [[Revealia]], [[Rhagadiolus]], [[Rhamphogyne]], [[Rhanteriopsis]], [[Rhanterium]], [[Rhodanthe]], [[Rhodogeron]], [[Rhynchospermum]], [[Rhysolepis]], [[Richteria]], [[Riencourtia]], [[Rigiopappus]], [[Robinsonia]], [[Rochonia]], [[Rojasianthe]], [[Rolandra]], [[Roldana]], [[Rosenia]], [[Rothmaleria]], [[Rudbeckia]], [[Rugelia]], [[Ruilopezia]], [[Rumfordia]], [[Russowia]], [[Rutidosis]], [[Sabazia]], [[Sachsia]], [[Salmea]], [[Salmeopsis]], [[Santolina]], [[Santosia]], [[Sanvitalia]], [[Sartorina]], [[Sartwellia]], [[Saussurea]], [[Scalesia]], [[Scariola]], [[Scherya]], [[Schischkinia]], [[Schistocarpha]], [[Schistostephium]], [[Schizogyne]], [[Schizoptera]], [[Schizotrichia]], [[Schkuhria]], [[Schlechtendalia]], [[Schmalhausenia]], [[Schoenia]], [[Schumeria]], [[Sciadocephala]], [[Sclerocarpus]], [[Sclerolepis]], [[Sclerorhachis]], [[Sclerostephane]], [[Scolymus]], [[Scorzonella]], [[Scorzonera]], [[Scrobicaria]], [[Scyphocoronis]], [[Selleophytum]], [[Selloa]], [[Senecio]], [[Sericocarpus]], [[Seriphidium]], [[Serratula]], [[Shafera]], [[Sheareria]], [[Shinnersia]], [[Shinnersoseris]], [[Siebera]], [[Sigesbeckia]], [[Siloxerus]], [[Silphium]], [[Silybum]], [[Simsia]], [[Sinacalia]], [[Sinclairia]], [[Sinoleontopodium]], [[Sinosenecio]], [[Sipolisia]], [[Smallanthus]], [[Soaresia]], [[Solanecio]], [[Solenogyne]], [[Solidago]], [[Soliva]], [[Sommerfeltia]], [[Sonchus]], [[Sondottia]], [[Soroseris]], [[Spaniopappus]], [[Sphaeranthus]], [[Sphaereupatorium]], [[Sphaeroclinium]], [[Sphaeromeria]], [[Sphaeromorphaea]], [[Sphagneticola]], [[Spilanthes]], [[Spiracantha]], [[Spiroseris]], [[Squamopappus]], [[Stachycephalum]], [[Staehelina]], [[Standleyanthus]], [[Stanfieldia]], [[Staurochlamys]], [[Stebbinsoseris]], [[Steiractinia]], [[Steirodiscus]], [[Stenachaenium]], [[Stenocarpha]], [[Stenocline]], [[Stenopadus]], [[Stenophalium]], [[Stenops]], [[Stenotus]], [[Stephanochilus]], [[Stephanodoria]], [[Stephanomeria]], [[Steptorhamphus]], [[Stevia]], [[Steviopsis]], [[Steyermarkina]], [[Stifftia]], [[Stilpnogyne]], [[Stilpnolepis]], [[Stilpnopappus]], [[Stoebe]], [[Stokesia]], [[Stomatanthes]], [[Stomatochaeta]], [[Stramentopappus]], [[Streptoglossa]], [[Strotheria]], [[Struchium]], [[Stuartina]], [[Stuckertiella]], [[Stuessya]], [[Stylocline]], [[Stylotrichium]], [[Sventenia]], [[Symphyllocarpus]], [[Symphyopappus]], [[Syncalathium]], [[Syncarpha]], [[Syncephalum]], [[Syncretocarpus]], [[Synedrella]], [[Synedrellopsis]], [[Syneilesis]], [[Synotis]], [[Syntrichopappus]], [[Synurus]], [[Syreitschikovia]], [[Tagetes]], [[Tamananthus]], [[Tamania]], [[Tamaulipa]], [[Tanacetum]], [[Taplinia]], [[Taraxacum]], [[Tarchonanthus]], [[Teixeiranthus]], [[Telanthophora]], [[Telekia]], [[Telmatophila]], [[Tenrhynea]], [[Tephroseris]], [[Terana]], [[Tessaria]], [[Tetrachyron]], [[Tetradymia]], [[Tetragonotheca]], [[Tetramolopium]], [[Tetraneuris]], [[Tetranthus]], [[Tetraperone]], [[Thaminophyllum]], [[Thamnoseris]], [[Thelesperma]], [[Thespidium]], [[Thespis]], [[Thevenotia]], [[Thiseltonia]], [[Thymophylla]], [[Thymopsis]], [[Tiarocarpus]], [[Tietkensia]], [[Tithonia]], [[Tolpis]], [[Tonestus]], [[Tourneuxia]], [[Townsendia]], [[Toxanthes]], [[Tracyina]], [[Tragopogon]], [[Traversia]], [[Trichanthemis]], [[Trichanthodium]], [[Trichapium]], [[Trichocline]], [[Trichocoronis]], [[Trichocoryne]], [[Trichogonia]], [[Trichogoniopsis]], [[Trichogyne]], [[Tricholepis]], [[Trichoptilium]], [[Trichospira]], [[Tridactylina]], [[Tridax]], [[Trigonospermum]], [[Trilisa]], [[Trioncinia]], [[Tripleurospermum]], [[Triplocephalum]], [[Triptilion]], [[Triptilodiscus]], [[Trixis]], [[Troglophyton]], [[Tuberostylis]], [[Tugarinovia]], [[Turaniphytum]], [[Tussilago]], [[Tuxtla]], [[Tyleropappus]], [[Tyrimnus]], [[Uechtritzia]], [[Ugamia]], [[Uleophytum]], [[Unxia]], [[Urbananthus]], [[Urbinella]], [[Urmenetea]], [[Urolepis]], [[Uropappus]], [[Urospermum]], [[Ursinia]], [[Vanclevea]], [[Vanillosmopsis]], [[Varilla]], [[Varthemia]], [[Vellereophyton]], [[Venegasia]], [[Verbesina]], [[Vernonia]], [[Vernoniopsis]], [[Vieraea]], [[Viereckia]], [[Vigethia]], [[Viguiera]], [[Villanova]], [[Vilobia]], [[Vittadinia]], [[Vittetia]], [[Volutaria]], [[Wagenitzia]], [[Waitzia]], [[Wamalchitamia]], [[Warionia]], [[Wedelia]], [[Welwitschiella]], [[Werneria]], [[Westoniella]], [[Whitneya]], [[Wilkesia]], [[Wollastonia]], [[Wulffia]], [[Wunderlichia]], [[Wyethia]], [[Xanthisma]], [[Xanthium]], [[Xanthocephalum]], [[Xanthopappus]], [[Xeranthemum]], [[Xerolekia]], [[Xylanthemum]], [[Xylothamia]], [[Yermo]], [[Youngia]], [[Zaluzania]], [[Zandera]], [[Zexmenia]], [[Zinnia]], [[Zoegea]], [[Zyzyxia]]''
</div>
 
{{commonscat|Asteraceae}}
 
* {{Link eFloras|1|10074commons|Asteraceae}}
[[Categorie:Plantenfamilie]]
[[Categorie:Asteraceae| *]]
 
{{Link FA|sl}}
 
{{sub}}
[[ar:نجمية]]
[[az:Çobanyastığı]]
[[bat-smg:Astrinē]]
[[bg:Сложноцветни]]
[[ca:Asteràcia]]
[[cs:Hvězdnicovité]]
[[da:Kurvblomst-familien]]
[[de:Korbblütler]]
[[en:Asteraceae]]
[[eo:Asteracoj]]
[[es:Asteraceae]]
[[et:Korvõielised]]
[[eu:Asteraceae]]
[[fa:گل‌ستاره‌ای‌ها]]
[[fi:Asterikasvit]]
[[fr:Asteraceae]]
[[gl:Asteraceae]]
[[he:מורכבים]]
[[hu:Fészkesek]]
[[id:Asteraceae]]
[[is:Körfublómaætt]]
[[it:Asteraceae]]
[[ja:キク科]]
[[jv:Asteraceae]]
[[ka:რთულყვავილოვანნი]]
[[kk:Қашқаргүл тәрізділер]]
[[ko:국화과]]
[[la:Asteraceae]]
[[lmo:Asteraceae]]
[[lt:Astriniai]]
[[mk:Главоцветни]]
[[nn:Korgplantefamilien]]
[[no:Kurvplantefamilien]]
[[pl:Astrowate]]
[[pt:Asteraceae]]
[[qu:Ch'antasqa tuktuyuq rikch'aq ayllu]]
[[ro:Asteraceae]]
[[ru:Астровые]]
[[scn:Asteraceae]]
[[simple:Asteraceae]]
[[sl:Nebinovke]]
[[sv:Korgblommiga växter]]
[[te:ఆస్టరేసి]]
[[tl:Butonsilyo]]
[[tr:Papatyagiller]]
[[uk:Айстрові]]
[[ur:نجمان]]
[[vi:Họ Cúc]]
[[wa:Stoelacêyes]]
[[zh:菊科]]
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